Medium-chain triglycerides (MCTs) are fatty acids that are found naturally occurring in coconut and palm oil. Most fats that are consumed in the diet are long chain triglycerides and are broken down in the intestine and then remade into a special form that can be transported in the blood. However, MCTs are absorbed intact and taken to the liver, where they are used directly for energy. MCTs do not require bile salts for digestion and therefore may be a useful fat substitute for individuals that have trouble digesting long chain fats. Several small studies suggest that a diet supplemented with medium chain triglycerides may reduce weight and body fat more than a diet supplemented with long chain triglycerides. Recent research has found favorable results with MCTs from coconut oil and cognitive performance.